Sermon Commentary for Sunday, March 4, 2018

John 2:13-22 Commentary

We are impressed very often by all the wrong things.  In John 2 everyone was impressed with the physical Temple.  It had been undergoing construction for over four decades already and was not even finished.  It reminds me of the Ken Follett novel The Pillars of the Earth that narrates the construction of a European cathedral that literally stretches across generations of construction workers and craftsmen.  Some projects in days gone by were so grand, the person who laid the first brick just knew that if one day the final brick got laid high up on the spire of a bell tower, it might very well be his great-great-great-great grandson who put on that finishing touch.

How could one fail to be impressed with such a grand undertaking?  And in John 2 and in Jesus’ day, how could one fail to be impressed with Herod’s Temple?  It maybe did not quite hold a candle to the original splendor of Solomon’s Temple but since that building was long gone, one takes what one can get, and Herod’s edifice was quite something to behold.  (In another passage elsewhere in the Gospels the disciples have their own jaw-dropping moment upon seeing the Temple in Jerusalem, too).


Typical of John, of course, we get a theological aside—a holy parenthetical—to inform us that the “Temple” in question was Jesus’ own body.  The very Son of the Living God was standing right in front of these people but they were far more impressed with brick-and-mortar than they were with flesh-and-blood.  Even if they had understood the reference to his own body, though, you get the feeling they would have been unbelieving and unimpressed by also that claim.

Unless of course it was true.  Yes, it would have been ludicrous to hear someone claim to be able to restore the decimated World Trade Center site in three days’ time.  But what would be more impressive: claiming you could raise back up the buildings or claiming that you could (and would) reassemble the body of every last victim who had been pulverized, vaporized, and torn to shreds in that great terrorist cataclysm?

That would surely be the grand miracle because that would not be something we could do at Ground Zero or anywhere else.  Yes, we can re-build the physical structures.  It just takes years to do.  But we could take every second that has passed in the 13.7 billion-year history of the physical cosmos and it would still not be time sufficient to reconstruct a single human being who ever lived or raise someone up from the dust.  We cannot engineer that.

Jesus does that.  It happened to him first so that all may follow.  That is the One who stood in the midst of that allegedly “impressive” Temple that day in Jerusalem.  No one saw him for who he was.  No one recognized him nor what he was really saying.  But one day we will all see him for who he is.  The message of Lent and Easter assures us of this.  And as the Apostle Paul will later tell us, when we see him, we shall be made like him.

Thanks be to God!

[Note: We have additional Lenten Resources, worship ideas, and Sample Sermons on our Year B Lent and Easter page.]

Textual Points

Whatever Jesus saw that set him off that day in Jerusalem, there is one little detail we should notice because it might just give us a clue as to what this should mean for us even yet today.  The telling detail is John’s insertion in verse 17 of Psalm 69:9, “Zeal for your house consumes me.”

If you look back at Psalm 69, you will find that it is a psalm of lament, a heartfelt cry to God on the part of the psalmist.  The reason the psalmist cried out was because he was being looked down on and poked fun of on account of his faith.  So the original context of the verse quoted in John 2:17 is someone who is zealous for the house of God but who is suffering because of that enthusiasm.  If I tell you that I have great zeal for the ministry and the purpose of First Church, you might take that to mean that I am devoted to that church, that I am dedicated to making sure that unholy activities are kept well away from First Church.   Zeal for God’s house, we think, means protecting it.

But that is not quite what the writer of Psalm 69 meant.  His point was that because he was zealous about the house of God, his neighbors made fun of him, insulted him, told him he was a backward-thinking idiot for finding so much meaning in something as silly as a temple.  Psalm 69 is about suffering for your faith.  It’s about how the world sneers at us for claiming that a worship service is more valuable than anything that could ever happen in the citadels of worldly power.  It takes faith to believe that what we do in worship on a Sunday morning matters in an eternal sense.  It takes faith to believe that what a preacher conveys in a biblically true sermon is vastly more vital than anything that could ever emerge from the U.N. or from the office of any president, king, or prime minister.  The writer of Psalm 69 believed that the ancient temple of Israel was the center of the universe, the house of God, the dwelling place of the cosmic Creator.  And his neighbors saw this zeal for God’s house and they laughed out loud.  How could he believe such an outlandish, silly thing?

That is the verse John throws into this story.  And it tips us off that what this is all about is how sharp our spiritual vision is.  Do we know what matters in life and what doesn’t, and are we willing to put up with the world’s scorn rather than give up on our faith?  So maybe Jesus threw out the moneychangers because their ever-expanding emporium was eclipsing the real meaning of the temple.  Maybe the temple had started to look like just any old Jerusalem flea market, and so people were forgetting that to have faith was to believe that God’s house is most definitely not just any old place.  Maybe Jesus wanted to shake people up so they could remember that to have faith is a radical thing that should make us radically different from those who do not have faith.

Jesus’ fellow Jews had the wrong focus.  They no longer had the radical faith of Psalm 69.  The psalmist endured insult and injury because of his outrageous belief that the living God actually dwelled in the temple.  But some of the Jews in Jesus’ day had forgotten.  They saw it as their own accomplishment in which they could do whatever they wanted because it was, after all, their place.  They had built it and it was theirs.

Jesus reminded them that it was God’s place, or was supposed to be, and if they didn’t perceive the presence of the living God there, then there was nothing distinctive about the temple at all.  Jesus was a little more sensitive to such things than the average person in Jerusalem.  Maybe others could walk past kiosks, cash registers, and blue light specials in the narthex of God’s house and not bat an eye, but as the very Son of God who himself would soon become the living, walking, breathing temple of God, Jesus took the affront of all this personally.

Illustration Idea

My colleague John Rottman once called my attention to a story from a few years back.  It seems that one day in a busy Washington D.C. Metro station, a man with an open violin case in front of him played his fiddle for the passersby.  Quite a few children and young people stopped and stared but were soon enough hustled off by their parents.  About half a dozen people stayed for a minute or two before moving on to catch their train.  A couple of dozen people threw money into the open violin case.  After a while the violinist had collected a total of $32.17.

But the musician in question was no less than Joshua Bell.

Of course, we are quite sure that by the time John wrote this Gospel Herod’s Temple was also now gone, destroyed in the sack of Jerusalem in A.D. 70.  Commentators think that one of the reasons John makes “Temple” such a major theme in his Gospel—moving up the cleansing of the Temple to the start of Jesus’ ministry instead of near the end when it most likely did occur chronologically—was to reassure his readers that there WAS and IS still a true Temple: it is Jesus.  But to get to that . . . read on!

In John 2 Jesus makes room again in the Temple for the truly spiritual business of the place to happen in ways that had not been possible once commerce and a flea market had taken over.  What Jesus did literally shook things up and so the leaders asked Jesus to produce some credentials to authorize the bold and brazen thing he had just done.  Jesus said “Destroy this Temple and I’ll raise it back up in three days.”

A ludicrous claim, of course.  Granted, if someone were able to raze the entirety of the Temple edifice only to have Jesus wave a magic wand over the ruins and restore the whole shebang in a scant three days, that would have been beyond impressive.  If a person could pull off such an architectural and engineering feat, that powerful action would be more than enough to validate any power or authority he might claim for himself.

But no one took the claim seriously.  It would have been like someone’s approaching “The Pile” that was the wreckage of the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center at Ground Zero after 9/11 only to say “Give me three days and I’ll have them back up again.”  It took the better part of a year just to haul away the debris.  Rebuilding was an obvious impossibility.



Three weeks earlier he had played to a packed house in Boston where tickets for the good seats went for $100 a pop (and even the cheap seats cost more than Bell collected in the subway station that day).


Unbeknownst to the distracted passersby, Bell was playing one of the most difficult and intricate pieces ever composed for the violin, and he played it with not only the world-class skill that Mr. Bell possesses but he played it on a Stradivarius violin worth $3.5 million.  The whole stunt had been orchestrated by The Washington Post to see if anyone would notice.  No one truly did, save perhaps for a few children who sensed something was up.

Too often in life we don’t realize what is standing right in front of us.  Rather like what we read about in John 2.


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